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Global Health Topics

Infectious Diseases

gh topics insetEGHI supports Emory faculty and students investigating infectious diseases around the world. Specific projects focus on a wide range of topics including neglected tropical diseases, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, vector-borne diseases, and zoonotic diseases.

American Samoa

Building Infectious Disease Epidemiology through Enhancement of Syndromic Surveillance Capacity in the United States Territory of American Samoa, 2013 Student Field Scholar Project.

Bolivia

Juan Leon, Assistant Professor of Global Health at the Rollins School of Public Health and an EGHI Faculty Distinction Fund Awardee, is conducting a project entitled Effect of Nutrition, Immunity, and Vaccines on Pediatric Enteric Infections. The purpose of the study is to reduce infant deaths from rotavirus diarrhea by exploring the relationship between rotavirus and vaccine efficacy and nutritional status of children through immunological and epidemiological approaches in Bolivian children.
The Prevalence of Selected Neglected Tropical Diseases and the Effect of Disease Co-Infection on Morbidity in Camiri, Santa Cruz Department, Bolivia, 2011 Student Field Scholar Project.
Community-based Epidemiologic Study of Chagas Disease in Bolivia, 2009 Student Field Scholar Project.

China

Yun Wang, Assistant Professor of Medicine and Pathology at the Emory University School of Medicine, received a 2008 EGHI Seed Grant to conduct a project entitled Antimicrobial Resistance Study: Project ICARE China. The project's primary purpose was to generate data that will assist microbiologists, clinicians, epidemiologists, and infection control practitioners in understanding and controlling antimicrobial resistance in the healthcare setting.
Chinglai Yang, faculty at the Emory University School of Medicine, received a 2007 EGHI Partnership Program Grant to develop a Consortium on Avian Influenza Control: An International Partnership on H5N1 Influenza Vaccine Development.

Ethiopia

Peter Brown, Professor of Anthropology at Emory College and then-doctoral student Kenneth Maes, received a 2008 EGHI Seed Grant to conduct a project entitled AIDS Caregiving in Addis Ababa. The purpose of this project was to understand what sustains the motivation of volunteer HIV/AIDS home-based caregivers in impoverished settings where HIV/AIDS is highly stigmatized.

Georgia, Republic of

Delays in Diagnosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis and the Effect on Severity of Disease and Clinical Outcomes in the Republic of Georgia, 2011 Student Field Scholar Project.
Thomas Ziegler, Associate Professor of Medicine at the Emory University School of Medicine, received a 2008 EGHI Partnership Program Grant to Build Translational Research Capacity in Nutrition and Infectious Diseases in the Republic of Georgia.

Ghana

World Health Organization Buruli Ulcer Initiative in Ghana, 2008 Student Field Scholar Project.

Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan

Tuberculosis Awareness and Access to Tuberculosis Services among Migrants in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, 2008 Student Field Scholar Project.

Madagascar

Ecology of Infectious Diseases in Ranomafana, Madagascar, 2013 Student Field Scholar Project.

Mexico

Juan Leon, Assistant Professor of Global Health at the Rollins School of Public Health and an EGHI Faculty Distinction Fund Awardee, is working on a USDA-NIFA-funded study entitled Identification and Control of Microbiological Hazards in Imported Fresh Fruits and Vegetables: A Field Epidemiological and Intervention Study in Northern Mexico. The purpose of the study is to prevent produce-associated outbreaks by identifying risk factors that contaminate fruits and vegetables with bacterial and viral pathogens on farms on the Mexico-US border.
Gonzalo Vazquez-Prokopec, Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies at Emory College and an EGHI Faculty Distinction Fund Awardee, is working on a study entitled Spatial Epidemiology of Dengue in Merida, Mexico. Using data collected by the National Institutes of Health of Mexico, investigators are quantifying the patterns of dengue virus epidemic spread within the city of Merida. Study results will be integrated into a decision support system for the management of dengue infections and control of mosquito vectors.
A Multidisciplinary Approach to HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care, 2008 Student Field Scholar Project.

Nigeria

An Assessment of Integrated Neglected Tropical Disease Interventions in Plateau and Nasarawa States, Nigeria at the Community Level, 2008 Student Field Scholar Project.

Peru

Gonzalo Vazquez-Prokopec, Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies at Emory College and an EGHI Faculty Distinction Fund Awardee, is conducting a study that measures the entomologic risk for dengue virus in Iquitos, Peru. Dr. Vazquez-Prokopec and his co-investigators are using diverse spatial datasets to understand the urban transmission of dengue virus with the hope of quantifying the contribution of urban landscape, human herd immunity, human and vector movement, and vector control on the dynamics of virus transmission.

Quantifying the Contribution of Public Spaces to the Risk of Exposure to the Dengue Vector, Ae. aegypti, in the city of Iquitos, Peru, 2011 Student Field Scholar Project.

Rwanda

Youth Participation in HIV/AIDS Dramas: A Qualitative Assessment, 2008 Student Field Scholar Project.

South Africa

Home Based Care (HBC) Program Evaluation in Kwa-zulu, Natal, South Africa, 2012 Student Field Scholar Project.
Kristin Dunkle, Assistant Professor of Behavior Science and Health Education at the Rollins School of Public Health, received a 2008 EGHI Seed Grant to conduct a pilot study to Develop Evidence-based Secondary Prevention for HIV-positive Heterosexual Men in Soweto, South Africa.
Taylor Harrison, Assistant Professor of Medicine at the Emory University School of Medicine, received a 2008 EGHI Seed Grant to conduct a pilot study to investigate the Prevalence of HIV Neuropathy and Risk Factors for Antiretroviral Toxic Neuropathy in an HIV Positive Cohort of South Africans.
Carol Worthman, Samual C. Dobbs Professor of Anthropology at Emory College, received a 2008 EGHI Seed Grant to conduct a project entitled Build Partnerships to Strengthen Interventions: Philani Project, South Africa. The aim of this project was to develop effective behavioral interventions to prevent the convergent epidemics of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and alcoholism in South Africa.

Uganda

Assessment of Rodent-borne Zoonotic Disease Risk in Rural Uganda, 2009 Student Field Scholar Project.

United States

Gonzalo Vazquez-Prokopec, Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies at Emory College and an EGHI Faculty Distinction Fund Awardee, is examining the urban ecology of West Nile virus in Atlanta, GA. The project aims to understand the major drivers of West Nile virus amplification and transmission within the metro Atlanta area by integrating field studies, laboratory experiments and assays, and complex statistical and mathematical models.
Jyothi Rengarajan, Assistant Professor at the Emory University School of Medicine and an EGHI Faculty Distinction Fund Awardee, is working on a project entitled Immune Responses to Individuals with Latent and Active Tuberculosis (TB). The goal of the project is to better understand correlates of protective immunity for developing vaccines and identifying biomarkers of infection and clearance in order to improve TB diagnosis and treatment monitoring.
Jyothi Rengarajan, Assistant Professor at the Emory University School of Medicine and an EGHI Faculty Distinction Fund Awardee, is working on a project entitled Modulation of Innate Immune Responses by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Project investigators are using genetics, proteomics, immunology and microbiology approaches to elucidate the molecular mechanisms for Mycobacterium tuberculosis pathogenesis in the host to understand how this pathogen evades host immunity.

Zambia

Henry Blumberg, Professor of Medicine at the Emory University School of Medicine, received a 2007 EGHI Partnership Program Grant to develop the Zambia-Emory Research Initiative in Tuberculosis and TB/HIV in partnership with the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, Zambia, and the University of Zambia School of Medicine.

Zimbabwe

Assessment of a Voluntary Counseling and Testing Center (VCT) in Old Mutare, Zimbabwe, 2009 Student Field Scholar Project.
 

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